Detail View: ADJUNCT MODULE C: WORLD ART: Bust of Serapis

Collection: 
ADJUNCT MODULE C: WORLD ART
Preferred Title: 
Bust of Serapis
Alternate Title: 
Busto di Serapide
Image View: 
Overall view from front right
Creator: 
after unknown (Roman (ancient) sculptor); Bryaxis (Ancient Greek sculptor, active 2nd half of 4th century BCE)
Location: 
repository: Musei Vaticani (Rome (Vatican City), Santa Sede (Holy See), Italy) Inv. 245
Location Note: 
Museo Pio-Clementino; Sala Rotonda
GPS: 
+41.906389+12.454444
Date: 
Roman copy, 180-200 CE (creation)
Cultural Context: 
Roman (ancient)
Style Period: 
Greco-Roman; Imperial (Roman)
Work Type 1: 
sculpture (visual work)
Classification: 
Sculpture and Installations
Material: 
white marble
Technique: 
carving (processes)
Subjects: 
deities; mythology (Classical); Egypt--Religion; sun god; Graeco-Egyptian; Ptolemaic; syncretism
Description: 
Colossal bust of Serapis, in the style of an original from the Serapeum of Alexandria attributed to Bryaxis of 320-310 BCE. Roman copy dated 180-200 CE. Found in 1771 in the area of the Villa of Gallieno on the Appian Way and sold to the museum by Gavin Hamilton. The Graeco-Egyptian god has the "calathus" (extensively restored) on his head in the shape of a "modius" (cylindrical container use to hold and measure wheat). His hair is bound by a band which has holes for fixing the seven bronze rays (now lost) which identify Serapis with Helios / Sol. Serapis continued to increase in popularity during the Roman period. (Source: Vatican Museums (Musei Vaticani) [website]; http://www.museivaticani.va/)
Collection: 
Archivision Adjunct Module C: World Art
Identifier: 
7A3-R-VM-BOS-A02
Rights: 
© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.