Detail View: ADJUNCT MODULE A: ITALIAN ART: Alexander Mosaic

Collection: 
ADJUNCT MODULE A: ITALIAN ART
Preferred Title: 
Alexander Mosaic
Alternate Title: 
Battle of Issus
Image View: 
Detail, central battle, figure on fallen horse being speared
Creator: 
after Philoxenos of Eretria (Ancient Greek painter, active late 4th century BCE); unknown (Roman (ancient))
Location: 
repository: Museo Archeologico Nazionale (Naples, Campania, Italy) 10020
Location Note: 
Piazza Museo Nazionale, 19; Sala LXI
GPS: 
+40.8534+14.2505
Date: 
100-80 BCE (creation)
Cultural Context: 
Roman (ancient)
Style Period: 
Greco-Roman; Hellenistic
Work Type 1: 
mosaic (visual work)
Work Type 2: 
floor (surface element)
Classification: 
mosaics
Material: 
natural stone tesserae
Technique: 
mosaic (process)
Measurements: 
317 cm (height) x 555 cm (length)
Description: 
The greatest number of fine mosaics in any one house in Pompeii came from the House of the Faun (VI.12.2.37), dating to ca. 100 BCE. Outstanding here is the Alexander Mosaic, probably representing the Battle of Issus (Issos) in Cilicia between Alexander the Great (reigned 336-323 BCE) and Darius III (reigned 335-331 BCE. The entire floor mosaic contained an estimated four million tesserae, all of natural stone, in a four-color technique recalling that of Greek Late Classical painting; it was perhaps modeled after the painting ascribed to Philoxenos of Eretria, done shortly after the battle itself. (This connection has not been proved.) This panel is also the most famous example of the technique known as opus vermiculatum; so-called from the wormlike look of the close-set rows of undulating tesserae. (Source: Grove Art Online; http://www.oxfordartonline.com/)
Collection: 
Adjunct Module A: Italian Art
Identifier: 
7A3-R-NAM-AM-C06
Rights: 
© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.