Detail View: ADJUNCT MODULE C: WORLD ART: Main Portal, Pisa Baptistery

Collection: 
ADJUNCT MODULE C: WORLD ART
Preferred Title: 
Main Portal, Pisa Baptistery
Image View: 
General view, looking up at columns, double lintel and archivolts; statue of the Madonna by Giovanni Pisano (modern copy)
Creator: 
Giovanni Pisano (Italian sculptor, ca. 1240-ca. 1320); unknown (Italian sculptor)
Location: 
repository: Battistero di San Giovanni (Pisa, Tuscany, Italy)
Location Note: 
Baptistery of St. John
GPS: 
+43.723333+10.393889
Date: 
ca. 13th century (creation)
Cultural Context: 
Italian
Style Period: 
Early Gothic; Romanesque
Work Type 1: 
relief (sculpture)
Work Type 2: 
sculpture (visual work)
Work Type 3: 
portal
Classification: 
Sculpture and Installations
Material: 
white marble
Technique: 
carving (processes)
Relation Work: 
part of Pisa Baptistery
Subjects: 
New Testament; saints; Apostles; Jesus Christ; John, the Baptist, Saint; Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint
Description: 
Pisa Baptistery (1153-1363) is a transition from the Romanesque to the Gothic style: the lower section is in the Romanesque style. The portal, by unknown sculptor(s) is flanked by two classical columns, while the inner jambs are executed in Byzantine style. The left side depicts the Labors of the Months while the right side portrays the Apostles (in pairs), the Harrowing of Hell, and King David. The lintel is divided in two tiers. The lower one depicts several episodes in the life of St. John the Baptist, while the upper one shows Christ between the Madonna and St. John the Baptist, flanked by angels and the evangelists. On the archivolt, the 24 Elders of the Apocalypse flank the Lamb of God. The lunette contains a copy of Giovanni Pisano's Madonna, the original of which is in the Museo dell'Opera. (Source: Sacred Destinations Travel Guide [website]; http://www.sacred-destinations.com/)
Collection: 
Archivision Adjunct Module C: World Art
Identifier: 
6A2-I-P-B-POP-A02
Rights: 
© Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc.